In this NASA University Leadership Initiative project, we explore the use of collaborative robots to develop novel strategies to facilitate efficient human-robot collaboration. It is our aim to both increase task performance and significantly reduce the ergonomic hardships on workers. Collaborative robots offer a smaller footprint, improved safety, and greater flexibility compared to traditional industrial robots. Our team combines expertise in robotics, haptics, human-studies, interaction design, visualization, and ergonomics and consists of principal investigators and graduate researchers across a spectrum of disciplines, including computer science, human-robot interaction, mechanical engineering, and industrial and systems engineering.Our efforts in human-in-the-loop automation are focused on allowing workers to program and execute a range of tasks with minimal input. We are developing interfaces that allow workers to design short term behavior and effectively control robots during real time execution.We are also exploring human augmentation, which centers on developing systems to extend operator capabilities. Example capabilities include improving visibility in occluded environments, the ability to hold heavy loads for prolonged periods, or to perform repetitive manipulations such as installing fasteners.